en English
Our Academy

UV Testing on Plastics – All You Need to Know

uv testing on plastics
Plastics contain a range of reinforcing materials and fillers additives. The combination of these materials and the manufacturing process have a considerable impact on the mechanical properties of the plastics.
Table of Content

Introduction

Plastic usage and importance keep on growing.  Plastic comprises a range of synthetic and natural compounds that offer specific mechanical properties for various applications and industries.

Plastics contain a range of reinforcing materials and fillers additives.
The combination of these materials and the manufacturing process have a considerable impact on the mechanical properties of the plastics.

The quality of plastic is often synonymous with how well a material meets its performance expectation. 

But the properties of plastics can be affected by ultraviolet light.

So today,  you will get to learn about UV testing on plastics of plastics to achieve quality.
Let’s get started!

Why Subject  Plastics to UV Testing?

Ultraviolet exposure (UV testing) is performed to know how a material will withstand the damaging effects of ultraviolet exposure.

 Prolonged exposure to UV rays causes a lot of effects  among them

How is UV Testing Done?

UV tests are used for products, parts, and components under solar radiation conditions.
The products are subjected to ultraviolet exposure in a controlled environment.

en uv testing machine
en uv testing machine

 A simulator is used to create ultraviolet radiation. And simulate the period of exposure.
The tests produce conditions a product is likely to be exposed to during its lifetime. 
The UV stability testing is performed following EN 61439-1 Resistance to ultra-violet (UV) radiation.

UV Exposure in Your Region

The  UV resistance of plastics is expressed in years.

The plastic life depends on the total amount of UV radiation your material is exposed to. 

This changes across geographical areas as solar radiation is not equally distributed throughout the world. The uneven distribution of solar radiation is influenced by altitude, latitude, season, and atmospheric conditions.

Besides, the total solar radiation received at ground level consists also of different components such as direct and indirect radiation.

The isolines of the mean global solar radiation have been developed using data provided by satellites. They are then illustrated in maps.

klangley world map
klangley world map

You can download a radiation map and determine the average radiation level in your region, commonly expressed in kilo Langley per year ( KLY /yr).
The Langley as a unit of measure for radiation power takes its name from NASA Langley Research Center. 

The center studies the impact of solar radiation on Earth.

1 Kilo Langley = 1 kcal/cm2 = 41.8 MJ/m2

1 Kilo Langley per year = 1.3 W/m2

For example, in most Northern Europe the average radiation level ranges between 80-100 KLY / year.

When buying say netting or tarpaulin cover, ask for your product’s UV resistance factor

EyouAgro provides products where this measure is applicable, a UV resistance factor, expressed as total radiation for the minimum product lifetime. 

Let’s say, 
you have a  product with  500 KLY. And you intend to use it outdoors in Northern Europe.
If the radiation is at 100 KLY /yr, your product will have a UV life of 5 years.

Related Posts

What does UV Testing Involves 

The accelerated aging and UV weathering testing. The weathering tests on polymers, coatings, metals, and small components. Element’s labs are equipped to perform some of the most popular UV testing standards, including ASTM G154, ASTM G155, and ISO 4892,

methods of predicting plastics reaction to uv 2
methods of predicting plastics’ reaction to UV

There are four common methods for producing plastic test samples: 

  • Machining – Taking a sample of the test material and shaping it by grinding or cutting away the undesired material. This is performed on rigid plastics.
  • Die-cutting – The samples are easy to produce as many samples can be cut from a single sheet of material.
  • Injection molding – This involves heating the plastic material until it is a liquid and injecting it into the mold of the desired shape. It allows for the production of highly specialized shapes.
  • Compression molding – The specimens that are compression molded is formed by pushing the material into a mold so that is deformed into the shape of the mold.

How do you choose the process to use? It will depend on the characteristics of the material that the test is performed.

How are Materials Analyzed and Tested?

Materials analysis and testing of UV exposure are conducted through a process known as accelerated weathering. This is the simulation of environmental conditions using special chambers and instruments to speed up the weathering process, measuring their effects on components, products, and materials.

The key factors that form the evaluation of a materials test and analysis include: 

  • The material change from UV exposure
  • To what extent its properties have been altered
  • And how the change compares to alternative materials that could be used

This forms a documented basis of comparison and detailed information of materials for manufacturers in the production of plastics. 

As you can see the effects of degradation and discoloration must fall within an acceptable range.

iso9001 uv testing machine
uv test machine

Testing Standards

You have a choice of  testing standards including:

  • American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 
  •  Standard practice for fluorescent UV lamps 
  • International Organization for Standardization (ISO) method specification for exposing specimens to Xenon-arc light in the presence of moisture—to reproduce the weathering effects that occur when materials are exposed in actual end-use environments

What Technology is Used?

The testing, measuring, and analyzing UV degradation involves the following fluorescent, Xenon arc, and Carbon arc UV testing machinery to simulate climatic environments.

Fluorescent testing equipment

Fluorescent UV testing equipment consists of a light source that emits ultraviolet radiation, or UV light. UV light is used to test products and materials for their ability to absorb radiation. This can be helpful in determining how well they will block visible light.

  • Bulbs are used to emit a controlled amount of light within a specified UV spectrum. 
  • Simulation of the real world to accelerate UV degradation. 
  • Cost-effective and many samples can be exposed simultaneously.
  • Most economical types of testing and single samples or many samples can be exposed at any one time.

Xenon arc machines 

  • Test the radiation spectrum of simulated sunlight
  • Use the noble gas to create an arc light 
  • The best type of equipment for testing discoloration in materials and coatings is due to the sensitivity of pigments and dyes to longer UV wavelengths.
  • Environmental variables such as temperature and moisture can be controlled to simulate real-world conditions.

Carbon arc testing 

  • Simulates natural sunlight accurately and produces a high-intensity of UV 
  • Result in unreliable analysis 
  • Cost-effective.

Future scenario

The polymer degradation through UV exposure will be led by the global trends in plastic production.  This then requires: 

  • Stakeholders  working closely together to agree on common standards 
  • Sharing of platforms that will lead to more standardized industry adoption of UV exposure durability 
  • Reduction of  research and development costs, risks, and lead times for production

Furthermore,  standardized quality control methods will become more widespread in many countries due to acquisitions as production centralization and economies of scale are applied.

Conclusion

If a product is to be exposed to direct sunlight then the testing standards are to be specified.

Ensure desired formulations to maintain long-term properties include additives to the melting process or if high volume the additives can be compounded resin.

UV testing forms the main part of quality control for the manufacturers to be equipped to adapt to a transforming global market. 

EyouAgro specializes in the research of agricultural protective nets, which are treated with strict UV protection to ensure the quality of the product.

Contact EyouAgro today at info@Eyouagro.com or visit www.eyouagro.com to find out about our UV-tested products such as tarpaulin covers and netting.

Related Posts

Hey, I’m Kevin Lyu, the founder of eyouagro.com , Family-run business
An expert of agriculture protection textile specialist .
In the past 26 years, we have helped 55 countries and 150+ Clients like farms, orchards , vineyards to protect their plants. The purpose of this article is to share with the knowledge related to agriculture growing protection for making the plant healthier and stronger.
Categories
Recent Posts
Kevin Lyu
Agrotextile Specialists

Hey, I’m the author of this post,
In the past 26 years, we have helped 55 countries and 150+ Clients like farms, orchards, and vineyards to protect their plants and crops. 
If you have any problems with it,
call us for a free, no-obligation quote
or discuss your solution.

We are at your disposal for any technical or commercial information

CERTIFICATIONS

EYOUAGRO Repsects Quality Standards

Iso 9001 2015
Ukas Iaf

Let's Have a Chat

REQUEST A QUOTE

Your email information is completely secure and will not be disclosed to third parties for any reason.

booking eyouagro 1
Purchasing Agrotextiles for Your Orchard from China?

Read Ten Cost-Saving Tips for the Purchase of Agrotextiles from China

Let's Have a Chat
REQUEST A QUOTE

We will contact you within 1 working day, please pay attention to the email with the suffix “@eyouagro.com”

Let's Have a Chat

Ask For Questions

Let's Have a Chat

Ask For Brochures

Let's Have a Chat

REQUEST A QUOTE